Gallstones are the main indication for cholecystectomy. Gallstones can cause a variety of complications including pain, inflammation, infections and pancreatitis. Other rarer indications are gallbladder cancer, gallbladder polyps and acalculous cholecystitis.
Surgery will typically be performed laparoscopically through 4 ports. Most patients will be discharged home the same day or the day following surgery. During surgery the gallbladder will be completely removed with clips placed on the ducts and artery supplying the gallbladder. An x-ray will be performed at the time of procedure to assess the bile duct for further stones. These may be removed at the time of theatre if able, otherwise further endoscopic management will be required.
May include: pain, bleeding, wound infection, bile duct injury (<1%)